Fear is a natural reaction to any threat. We fear for ourselves and our loved ones. Sometimes we are even afraid for strangers, seeing that they are in danger. This is a perfectly normal manifestation of the survival instinct inherent in all biological species: any living creature experiences fear of threats to itself, its offspring, or its population. Thus, fear is a rational reaction that allows us to gather our strength and act effectively in critical situations.

Phobias are irrational fears that make us feel danger where none exists. Under their influence, a person falls into a state of anxiety, losing the ability to reason normally and act rationally. He begins to panic, and his body begins to react to imaginary danger even at the physiological level. Today we’ll take a detailed look at what phobias are, how they are formed, what they are and how to get rid of them. Sometimes people with phobias are prescribed this drug:

What are phobias?
Phobias are mental disorders that manifest themselves in an overreaction to certain sources of fear. The term refers to both the disorder itself and its manifestation. The main feature of phobias is that the resulting fear is irrational. Even if the person knows there is nothing to be afraid of, he falls into a panic state which he is unable to control.

The irrationality of the phobia can be explained with a simple example. Most children are afraid of the dark, but the child sincerely believes that there may be a monster under the bed. An adult suffering from nyctophobia (fear of the dark) knows perfectly well that no danger lurks in the dark. But when he enters a dark room in his own home, he cannot resist the horror that grips him.

Phobias are irrational panic reactions to certain external circumstances, which have nothing to do with the survival instinct. That is why they are considered to be mental aberrations rather than natural features of behavior. At the same time, each phobia, from a medical point of view, has a perfectly logical explanation. And if a person is afraid of balloons, needles, clowns or some other not particularly dangerous things, most likely he associates them with something that poses a real threat.

Research by psychologists shows that there are a large number of different phobias, and almost everyone is affected by one or more of them. At the same time, there are not many widely known phobias. Thanks to movies and TV series, almost everyone knows about claustrophobia (fear of closed spaces) and arachnophobia (fear of spiders). But few people can name just one other phobia.

How do phobias manifest themselves?
Manifestations of phobias are observed both in the psycho-emotional state of the person and in the physical state. A person doesn’t experience the usual “what if” worries, instead he experiences an inexplicable horror. Phobia can be distinguished from the usual fear by the presence of the following features of its manifestation:

The appearance of the source of fear provokes a state of uncontrollable anxiety, and even the thought of the frightening object becomes uncomfortable;
the source of fear seems so dangerous that a person feels the need to avoid it at all costs;
a sense of danger takes over one’s thoughts completely and prevents one from concentrating on anything else;
even a clear understanding of the irrationality of fear does not help one cope with it and take control of one’s feelings.
In addition to the psychological and emotional manifestations, phobias can have a rather strong effect on the physical condition of the body. This manifests itself in the form of symptoms such as:

rapid breathing;
palpitations, in some cases tachycardia;
shivering, hot flashes and chills;
choking; feeling of tightness in the chest;
dry mouth;
disorientation in space;
nausea and dizziness;
“butterflies” in the stomach;