Muscle spasms and blocks

Normally, a person’s muscles are either fully tensed or fully relaxed. The degree of muscle tension is controlled so that a person is able to perform any activity, from physically demanding exercises to fine work under a microscope. Muscle spasm, or muscle block, is a muscle condition in which an area of the muscle is in constant tension and is not controlled by the person. Spasms affect individual bundles of muscle fibers as well as entire muscles.

The larger the area of the muscle that is in the block, the higher the intensity of the pain. A person may not even feel small spasms, but large ones may completely capture the attention – a person will not be able to concentrate on anything but the contracted muscle. Some doctors solve the problem with help:

Causes of occurrence
When they talk about muscle blocks, they usually mean tension in the muscles of the neck and back: trapezius, large rhomboid, quadriceps lumbar, broadest muscle of the back and others. Back muscle spasms occur with the following pathologies:

Severe stress. Stresses affect the work of the endocrine system, which causes an increase in muscle tone.
Traumas of the spine. When the spine is bruised, the trigger point – the area of the muscle that is most sensitive to stimuli, when squeezed, it causes severe pain.
Chronic overstrain. Is caused by incorrect positioning of the back during prolonged sitting or standing work. Also overstrain of the back muscles occurs with the constant carrying of a bag on one shoulder.
Osteochondrosis and its complications – protrusions and hernias. Osteochondrosis pinches nerve tissue, which causes muscle spasms.
Complications of muscle spasms
When spasms occur, blood vessels and nerves are permanently pinched, which causes the muscles to receive less oxygen and nutrients, and the nerve tissue becomes inflamed. The metabolism of adjacent tissues, such as bone and cartilage, is also impaired. Because of permanent muscle spasms develop diseases such as sciatica, arthritis of the joints of the spine, skeletal muscle dystrophy, spinal curvature. In addition, the constriction of the nerves threatens the dysfunction of other internal organs.

The symptoms of a muscle block
Severe nagging pain, sometimes scratchy and pressing;
Pain increases sharply when you press on the reduced muscle;
Pain does not subside when the body is in a relaxed position;
Frequent headaches.
Treatment of muscle cramps
The usual exercises from therapeutic physical training or yoga are suitable for warming up. You can also make an appointment at a massage parlor. At first, painful sensations may occur during the warm-up.

If muscle mobility is disturbed, and the pain during the warm-up does not go away in the first 2-3 days, be sure to see a doctor. You should also consult a doctor if you feel numbness, weakness or tingling in your muscles. A doctor will conduct an examination, diagnose the problem, and choose the right treatment.

Recommendations for prevention
Avoid muscle cramps will help:

Regular moderate strain on the muscles;
An active lifestyle;
Proper body positioning during sitting and standing work;
Warming up the muscles and stretching before vigorous physical activity.